- TOOWAKACHI‚ THE FOURTH WORLD
This is now our new continent‚ Tóówákachi ‚the fourth world. The word means “the beautiful country for all the men”. We know that we are the first men having come here and that the creator promised us that we would be here alone between us for a long time. With this fourth world ‚we are in the middle of the lifetime of the earth and humanity. We are in the fourth of a total of seven worlds which we must cross. Three are behind us and three are in front of us. This fact is expressed in our impenetrable rituals as well as in some remains which were found in Mexico and in South America. Time wise we already exceeded half of the seven world’s lifetime‚ because the duration of each world to come is shorter.
The Sun gate Tiahuanaco
We call the part of the fourth world which first emerged out of the water Táotoóma. In your language this name means “the place which was touched by the arm of the sun”. We Hopis say that it is the first part seen by the eagles which were sent by the Kachinas. The eagles fly very high and they saw the new country emerging from water‚ this is why we admire the eagles. Thus‚ we were in the new country and the last group arrived finally by boat. With their arrival the migration finished.
When we stood on the coast of this continent‚ we looked behind us and we saw the islands which sunk. The Kachinas gave us a third eye and we saw the disappearance of our mother land and the islands.
Both symbols of the Mother-Earth of the Hopis
All people who came in the fourth world and who lived in Táotoóma were not all Hopis. We should rather say that our ancestors were among these people. Our ancestors are those which arrived at Oraibi and which settled there definitively and those are called Hopis.
A rather long time passed between the arrival of the first group on the flying shields and the arrival of the last group in boats. It is said that it took 3000 years before we all came together. All this happened a long time ago because the arrival of those which were on the flying shields took place 80.000 years ago. We have a very simple way to speak about the long periods of time: Soomody means 1.000 years (Soo means star and you know how many stars there are!) and the migration started 80 Soomody ago.
Those which arrived here could settle only in this area which was not very large. In this area we all were to live together. That shows why my people are certain that we were the first and only ones on this continent. There are tribes in America which came much later because the ice had melted in north about which I will speak you later.
A long time before all this did occur‚ the creator had shown us planets. He made this formidable offer to us after having been created as living creatures. But we failed because we did not follow the instructions he had given us; we did not respect his law. This is why we had initially this small portion of land in order to learn how to dominate our feelings and how living together.
The Táotoóma city
When the first men arrived on the new continent‚ they had to build their first city. The first city Táotoóma was not built at the top of the mountain but lower. Today one does not see this city any more because it is covered with soil and water. I will tell you later the reason. The city was larger than all those which we had had in Kásskara. It had almost the dimension of the town of Los Angeles today. You know the ruins of Tiahuanaco well. Tiahuanaco was part of the town of Táotoóma. But Táotoóma was not large enough for all people who were still to come. And as you can imagine it‚ the country was not yet cultivable since it had just emerged from the water. But the Kachinas had required that everything had to be ready for us and as the Kachinas were still with us‚ they showed us how to cultivate the land in the morning and to harvest in the evening. It was very important for us during long years until the water had receded.
Ruins of Tiahuanaco
Gradually the land area expanded. Our people started to go towards the North‚ the South‚ the East and the West. We could start to explore the new continent and for this reason we used the flying shields. Some of us had reached a sufficient rank to have the right to accompany the Kachinas during their explorations to see how the new colonies were founded. And gradually there were again people who had their own ideas about the way of following the laws of the divine creator. They left the right path. Among them were people of high ranking who wanted to have important positions. They began to do a bad use of Tawúya. The Kachinas tried to prevent them from flying away into the universe. We were not allowed to go there as long as we had not fulfilled all our obligations in this world. But these people believed being already ready. The creator became aware of what happened and after some time he came in person and said: “It’s the first time you fail in this new country‚ so I must punish you. ” And he took the city, raised it in the sky, reversed it upside down and buried it in the ground. In all the area around it one felt the enormous air blast‚ the soil vibrated; it was like an earthquake. It was a disappointment for our creator whom we disobeyed on the first occasion. After that‚ our people decided to leave in various directions. This was the first dispersion of our people on this continent.
All that happened during the 4000 years after our people were joined together on the new continent. The entire continent had now emerged from the water and had the aspect of that of today. The land could be cultivated. Gradually our people left the ruins of Táotoóma‚ the first city built in the fourth world. It is especially those which remained faithful to the creator which left. They wanted to separate themselves from the others in order to preserve their true belief and to fulfill the tasks which they were to achieve. Therefore in all South America they founded new colonies. They did not leave all at the same time but gradually during a rather long time. This time again each group had a Kachina to guide it. The groups which we call clans had to separate in order to be able to survive‚ but also to follow the teaching of the creator which belonged to its divine plan. During these migrations the Kachinas could communicate with us and they helped us in the same way as before. They taught us how to sow and collect the same day without waiting during months until the fruits mature.
When we had moved away from the ruins of the destroyed city‚ certain Kachinas were intended for boys and girls who had not been born yet. These children were selected to transmit the true memory of the events of the past. That very often arrived in our history. The child receives the knowledge when it is still in the belly of his mother. Sometimes it is the mother who receives it so that all its thoughts can penetrate the child before the birth. For this reason the child does not need to learn later‚ it is only necessary to recall this knowledge which it got before its birth.
All this didn’t happen over a short period of time. It took several hundred years after the beginning of the migration. But the teaching of the Kachinas made it possible to keep our traditions in memory. Often Kachinas went to the creator at the speed of light in order to inform him of our progress on the earth. And as I already said‚ some of us had acquired a high ranking and had become very close to the Kachinas which in turn enabled them to accompany them during their flights.
Migrations of the clan of the bear
As the clans moved in various directions‚ I will now tell you the history the clan of the bear to which my fathers belonged. I also choose it because this clan was selected to hold a role of guide and leader in the fourth world. I learned everything from my father and my brother who were perfectly knowledgeable of the history of the clans and their migrations into our hemisphere‚ because our ancestors were the chiefs of the Hopis and the clans of the bear since their arrival in the fourth world.
But before I want to tell you something, which was told to me by my mother. When we left the destroyed big city‚ the Kachinas erased the memory of all those which remained as well as their future generations. Thus all those which later lived around the ruins‚ did not have the faintest idea what had happened before. From those who left only the Hopis knew the truth.
In the third world the clan of the bear was one of the least important clans. It had not taken part in the destruction of the previous world. It is precisely because it did not have negative past that it was selected to be the dominant clan on arrival in the fourth world. It’s why the clan of the bear has always had a higher rank than the clan of the fire, which destroyed the first world‚ or than the clan of the spider and the clan of the arc, which destroyed the second and the third world.
Because of their position of chief of the clan of the bear among the Hopis‚ a Kachina of higher rank was chosen for the people of this clan. Actually it was not a Kachina but a deity. He was called Eototo and had to stay with them wherever they went. When, under the direction of Eototo, they moved from South America towards the north‚ they encountered very difficult circumstances. The area that they had to cross was terribly hot. They spent much time to cross the forests and to get used to the climate; many children died at birth because of heat. Times were difficult. They wanted to seek mountains to leave this heat‚ but the Kachinas encouraged them to continue and protected them throughout the long journey through the jungle. There still exists today a ceremony which remembers this protection.
Kachina the bird
It took much time before the hot zone was behind them. They started breathing better‚ the children did not die anymore and the number of people increased. They continued in the direction of the north and were guided towards lakes and rivers by Eototo. After many years they arrived at an ice barrier and could not go further towards the north. It was not much more further north than today’s Canadian border. Eototo told them that it was a door which would be opened later for other people who would come towards the south. Then they turned back to look for a more inviting place. But the journey was not finished. They had initially to move into the direction of the rising sun whilst crossing enormous stretches of wet land. One day they could not go further because they arrived in front of a great stretch of water. Eototo said to them that it was the end of the journey towards the east. “Now you must walk in the direction of the setting sun. ” They obeyed and went towards the west. After many years they arrived again in front of a stretch of water and Eototo said to them: “You now finish your migration and you can choose where you want to live. ” But the clan did not know yet where it wanted to settle. After research it chose this place where they built their first village and where the Hopis since then live.
The ancestors which came from the sky
I will describe you a ceremony which remembers us that we went through the jungle. It confirms that it was necessary to show the way to the people and that they needed protection against the wild animals. I saw myself this ceremony which is celebrated every four or eight years at the time of the Shaátlako (Kachinas of high rank) and it is unusual because one does not dance‚ one does nothing but walk! In this ceremony one can see a group accompanied by four Kachinas: the first walks in front, then one on each side and the last one walks behind the group. The Kachinas which walk in front and behind are Kachinas of high rank‚ deities called Sólawúchim. Só means “stars”‚ la means “to contain something” and wuchim means “elected being”. The name can thus be translated as “the stars which have the secret knowledge”.
Both Sólawúchim hold in their left hand an arc and carry on the shoulder a quiver in jaguar skin to show their capacity and their power. The black line across the face‚ hiding the eyes‚ distinguishes them as being the holders of the secret knowledge of their country of origin. The black and white ornament in the neck shows that they know the celestial bodies. The blue paint on their moccasins means that they are initiated beings who come from far‚ from beyond the stars. The one which carries the jaguar skin is the chief, the one which carries a horn on the right side of the head walks behind the group and he is the second chief. The drawing of rhombuses of blue color on the horn shows the electric or electromagnetic force which links their planets of origin.
The Kachinas walking on the sides are of a lower rank. It is important that the divinities and Kachinas belong to the clan of the arc‚ because that shows that the clan of the arc were subject to the same events as the clan of the bear. The clan of the sun and the clan of the coyote also have the same traditions‚ but only the clan of the arc‚ whose traditions are the most complete‚ celebrate the ceremony of “the ancestors which came from the sky”. The clan of the arc began its migration towards north through the jungle‚ starting from a city called “the city of the fog”, because there was often fog. The Hopi word for this city is Pamísky. It was located very high in the mountains‚ but Tewáletsíwa from the clan of the arc did not know exactly where it was in South America‚ but he said: “If I saw it‚ I would recognize the place easily where the city of the fog was.” Tewáletsíwa knew also the history of the town of Táotoóma (Tiahuanaco). The Kachinas had told the clan to go towards the jungle and starting from the city of the fog the clan went down towards the plains. I suppose that the city had to be somewhere in Ecuador.
When the clan of the arc was ready to undertake the migration‚ the Kachinas were able to help them to cross the jungle. They showed them the way and protected them during the journey. They needed especially protection for the children. But the newborns in altitude could not survive‚ only the newborns in the lowlands did. During the day the Kachinas protected the people what is shown in the ceremony. The divinities made noise with their instruments (rattles) and other Kachinas inserted their stick in the ground‚ what made flee the wild animals. It is only today that one uses bones of animals for the rattles‚ before one used shells. Today one does not use any more leather of jaguar as before‚ but the leather of hind. Tewáletsíwa said that the shell instruments also released magnetic waves. He spoke very seriously about the waves and the noise of the shells. When the clan rested at night‚ the Kachinas rose like stars above the jungle and their light protected the people against the wild animals. I would like to add that the arcs of the Kachinas were used only for protection; the Hopis did not kill animals to nourish themselves. In Táotoóma the Kachinas had asked them to reduce their meat consumption and to rather nourish themselves by plants‚ it increasing the level of spiritual knowledge. The Kachinas stayed with the people of the clan of the arc until they arrived at Palátquapi.
When the clans were still migrating through South America and Mexico of today‚ a long time before the creation of Oraibi by the clan of the bear‚ many wanted to get together again. They remembered the time of misfortune in South America and the destruction of their first city and they wanted ‚‚to again live in harmony with the great mind Táiowa. They had not obeyed him and had scattered in all the directions. Under the influence of the Kachinas they decided to return on the right path. Those of the chiefs who could still make use of their third eye gathered the clans in order to create an arts centre of an elevated level of spiritual knowledge. Each Hopi remembers this place. I believe that no Hopi could ever forget this city which bore the name of Palátquapi. In our language it means “red city”. According to my grandmother Palátquapi was the first big city in the middle part of the western hemisphere. The groups which did not come to this center lost more and more their spirituality and started to venerate the sun like their god. I still would like to add that the clan of the bear had for a long time crossed this region to go to North America in order to open this country for us. One has found the place where this city was located. It is called Palenque now and is located in the Mexican state of Chiapas. It was a great community. It was not built by slaves. The people knew what happened with their first city and wanted to prove to themselves that this time they would do better. It was as if they wanted to be rehabilitated. All that was undertaken in this community was based on spiritual principals. People of very high rank could be found there. Additionally relations and agreements with the Kachinas were reinforced.
View of Palenque